Connect SQL Developer 18.3 with Oracle Autonomous Data Warehouse Cloud

Download the client credentials from your Oracle Cloud account for your Autonomous Data Warehouse Instance. Make sure you note down the username (ADMIN) & password, this will be required later during the connection process

1. Open SQL Developer

create new connection > connection type : cloud wallet

Screen Shot 2018-11-11 at 1.16.21 AM

2. Download JCE files from https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jce8-download-2133166.html
Unzip the files and it will create a folder called “UnlimitedJCEPolicyJDK8” with below files

US_export_policy.jar
local_policy.jar
README.txt

3. Find path of your JDK 8 and the policy folder

On my Mac it was at : /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_152.jdk

The policy folder which contains jce files is in ../Contents/Home/jre/lib/security

cd /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_152.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/security

4. Copy unlimited access jce files to the policy folder in jdk directory on your machine

sudo cp -p *.jar /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_152.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/security

5. Restart SQL Developer and if everything goes well you can see the configuration file, this is the place where you will give the path for the client credentials

Screen Shot 2018-11-11 at 1.15.26 AM

Configuration file : wallet_DB201811102318.zip

Connection Name : Test Autonomous DB Warehouse

Username : ADMIN

Password : ***********

Do a test and if it is a success, you can save the connection. After you connect, you can create tables, Pl/SQL packages as you would do normally in SQL Developer

Screen Shot 2018-11-11 at 1.23.48 AM

 

 

Oracle Cloud : Introduction

Oracle has been an incumbent to the cloud space having lost a lot of ground to Amazon and Microsoft.But that hasn’t stopped them to go all guns blazing at the cloud market. Playing on it’s strength of offering Enterprise Applications in a heavily crowded SaaS space along with PaaS and IaaS offerings. Oracle has been pushing aggressively to put their Enterprise on-premise customers to the cloud, their initial offering in this space was nothing to talk about. But the game has changed in the last year with the launch of the Autonomous Data warehouse and Transaction processing cloud .

So after months of trial & error I finally decided to get an Oracle Cloud account. I was not to sure about the general availability of Oracle cloud in Australia, but lucky for me it is available for trial in Australia, though the regions it shows available does not include a Australian availability zone

Screen Shot 2018-11-11 at 12.02.01 AM.png

To get an Oracle Cloud trial account (with 400$ AUD free credit for 3o days) all you need is an email address and a credit card. The credit card is not charged but only a hold of 1$ is put on the card and returned after 3-5 business days.

Head over to https://cloud.oracle.com/home to begin your trial

Once you are done with all the formalities it sends you a temporary password to the email address used for registration. Upon first login you are asked to reset the password.

And there you are, the Oracle Cloud Dashboard page

Screen Shot 2018-11-11 at 12.07.10 AM

This is going to be series and in the next few posts i will be looking at creating an autonomous data warehouse and a transaction processing cloud database.

ORDS 18.2 – The database user for the connection pool named apex_pu, is not authorized to proxy to the schema named

ORDS Version : 18.2
Oracle Version : 12cR2

Error : The database user for the connection pool named apex_pu, is not authorized to proxy to the schema named HR

Desc: The error occurs when you have published a RESTful web service from a table inside a schema. When you try to call the Webs service it gives an internal error, because the schema does not have proxy connect privilege to the ORDS public user.

Solution : Grant the username connect through privilege

SQL> alter user HR grant connect through ords_public_user;

Now try calling the REST service again and it should return the valid result set.

Install Oracle 18c(18.3) on CentOS 7.5 Silent Mode

Linux Version : CentOS 7.5
Oracle Version : 18c (18.3.0.0)

1. Download the Zip file from Oracle Website and create groups and oracle user(https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/oracle18c-linux-180000-5022980.html ) ##

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba

useradd oracle -g oinstall -G dba
passwd oracle

Create .bash_profile , in my test server i use 3 different Oracle homes and versions, so the bash profile looks a bit extra funky 😉

# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs
export CATALINA_HOME=/home/oracle/apache-tomcat
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/etc:/usr/sbin:/usr/ucb:$HOME/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/sbin:/bin/bash:$CATALINA_HOME/bin.
export PATH
EDITOR=vi
export EDITOR=vi

if [ -s “$MAIL” ] # This is at Shell startup. In normal
then echo “$MAILMSG” # operation, the Shell checks
fi # periodically.

echo ” ”
echo ” ”
echo ” ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~”
echo ” Database options”
echo ” ”
echo ” ”
echo ” 1) DATABASE 12cR2″
echo ” ”
echo ” 2) DATABASE 12cR1″
echo ” ”
echo ” 3) DATABASE 18.3″
echo ” ”
echo ” ”
echo ” ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~”
echo ” ”
echo ” ”
echo ” Enter Choice:\c”
read env
if [ $env -eq 1 ] ; then
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=ora12c
PS1=’$PWD:12cR2–>’

else
if [ $env -eq 2 ] ; then
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=moovorix
PS1=’$PWD:12cR1–>’
fi

if [ $env -eq 3 ] ; then
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=ora18c
PS1=’$PWD:18c–>’
fi
fi
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib:/lib
export LIBPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib:/lib
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:/u01/app/12.1.0.2/grid/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch
stty erase ^?
TMOUT=0;TIMEOUT=600;export readonly TMOUT TIMEOUT
set -o vi

echo ”
echo ”
clear
echo
echo “ORACLE_SID=$ORACLE_SID”
echo

alias tsmd=’cd /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/’
alias ob=’cd $ORACLE_BASE’
alias oh=’cd $ORACLE_HOME’
alias tns=’cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin’
alias ch=’cd $CATALINA_HOME’
alias envo=’env | grep ORACLE’
alias sqld=’rlwrap sqlplus “/as sysdba”‘
alias cpu=”cat /proc/cpuinfo | awk ‘/^processor/{print $3}’ | wc -l”
alias py=’/usr/bin/python3.6′
alias py2=’/usr/bin/python’
export PATH
umask 022

envo

2. Install all the pre-requisites, if your on Oracle Linux there is an RPM you can install : oracle-database-preinstall-18c

Else if you prefer do the pre-requisites manually (Which I do)

Check for missing packages

rpm -q –qf ‘%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE}(%{ARCH})\n’ binutils \
compat-libcap1 \
compat-libstdc++-33 \
elfutils-libelf \
elfutils-libelf-devel \
gcc \
gcc-c++ \
glibc \
glibc-common \
glibc-devel \
glibc-headers \
ksh \
libaio \
libaio-devel \
libgcc \
libstdc++ \
libstdc++-devel \
make \
libXext \
libXtst \
libX11 \
libXau \
libxcb \
libXi \
sysstat \
unixODBC \
unixODBC-devel

Install missing packages with Yum
eg:
rpm -Uvh compat-libcap1

Update Kernel Parameters

Open sysctl.conf file and add the kernel parameters

vi /etc/sysctl.conf

fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 1073741824
kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

Add Limits for Oracle user

Open file limits.conf and add below parameters

vi /etc/security/limits.conf

–shell limits for users oracle 18c

oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft stack 10240
oracle hard stack 32768

3. Silent Installation of 18c Software, the new installer is a zipped Oracle Home which you need to unzip to your Oracle Home directory and installation command just relinks all libraries. The installation is super quick due to this, afer this installation you are never going back to the normal runInstaller again

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1/

unzip -q LINUX.X64_180000_db_home.zip -d /u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1/

cd /u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1/

sed -e ‘/\s*#.*$/d’ -e ‘/^\s*$/d’ install/response/db_install.rsp > install/response/db_18c.rsp

cat install/response/db_18c.rsp
## Remove all other parameters and just leave the below ##

oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_dbinstall_response_schema_v18.0.0
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=dba

## If an error “[WARNING] [INS-13001] Oracle Database is not supported on this operating system 18c” pops up; the use parameter ignoreInternalDriverError in the runinstaller ##

./runInstaller -silent -responseFile install/response/db_18c.rsp -ignoreInternalDriverError

## As Root User ##
sh /u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

4. Silent Creation of Database using dbca silent mode

dbca -createDatabase -silent -gdbName ora18c -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -sysPassword sys123 -systemPassword sys123 -dbsnmpPassword sys123 -datafileDestination /u01/oradata -storageType FS -memoryPercentage 20 -emConfiguration NONE -sampleSchema false

[FATAL] [DBT-50000] Unable to check for available memory.
[FATAL] [DBT-50001] Unable to check the value of kernel parameter {0}

While creating a on-premise 18c (18.3) database with DBCA in the silent mode If you get above error. Then use the parameter -J-Doracle.assistants.dbca.validate.ConfigurationParams=false ; it can be used both in cli and gui ##

dbca -createDatabase -silent -gdbName ora18c -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -sysPassword sys123 -systemPassword sys123 -dbsnmpPassword sys123 -datafileDestination /u01/oradata -storageType FS -memoryPercentage 20 -emConfiguration NONE -sampleSchema false -J-Doracle.assistants.dbca.validate.ConfigurationParams=false

5. Create Listener for 18c

cd /u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1/admin/network

vi listener.ora

SID_LIST_LISTENER_18C =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = ora18c)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/18.3.0/dbhome_1)
(SID_NAME = ora18c)
)
)

LISTENER_18C =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 103.42.111.196)(PORT = 1523))
)
)

lsnrctl start LISTENER_18C

Checking from SQL*PLUS

SQL*Plus: Release 18.0.0.0.0 – Production on Mon Aug 13 04:03:10 2018
Version 18.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 – Production
Version 18.3.0.0.0

SQL> select name,open_mode from v$database;

NAME OPEN_MODE
——— ——————–
ORA18C READ WRITE

Dkam7GRUwAA3XXJ.jpg large

Oracle 18c (18.3) DBCA Issue – [DBT-50000] [DBT-50001]

While creating a on-premise 18c (18.3) database with DBCA in the silent mode I got the below error

dbca -createDatabase -silent -gdbName ora18c -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -sysPassword sys123 -systemPassword sys123 -dbsnmpPassword sys123 -datafileDestination /u01/oradata -storageType FS -memoryPercentage 20 -emConfiguration NONE -sampleSchema false

[FATAL] [DBT-50000] Unable to check for available memory.
[FATAL] [DBT-50001] Unable to check the value of kernel parameter {0}

I am not too sure what exactly causes that error but i am suspecting their is something in the kernel parameters which is not right for the 18c installation, especially since i did not install the 18c per-requisites RPM and my Linux is CentOS 7.5

The Solution to this problem is to call dbca with below parameter, it can be used for CLI and GUI both.

-J-Doracle.assistants.dbca.validate.ConfigurationParams=false

Full DBCA command


dbca -createDatabase -silent -gdbName ora18c -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -sysPassword sys123 -systemPassword sys123 -dbsnmpPassword sys123 -datafileDestination /u01/oradata -storageType FS -memoryPercentage 20 -emConfiguration NONE -sampleSchema false -J-Doracle.assistants.dbca.validate.ConfigurationParams=false

Prepare for db operation
10% complete
Copying database files
40% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
42% complete
46% complete
50% complete
54% complete
60% complete
Completing Database Creation
66% complete
69% complete
70% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora18c.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:ora18c
System Identifier(SID):ora18c
Look at the log file “/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora18c/ora18c.log” for further details.

It will give some warnings but it is due to not using a strong password. But it should not have caused at any issues in creating the database. Lets check with SQLPLUS

SQL*Plus: Release 18.0.0.0.0 – Production on Mon Aug 13 03:13:45 2018
Version 18.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 – Production
Version 18.3.0.0.0

SQL> select name,open_mode from v$database;

NAME OPEN_MODE
——— ——————–
ORA18C READ WRITE

Multiple Homes and Instances Oracle Database Bash Profile


# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs
export CATALINA_HOME=/home/oracle/apache-tomcat
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/etc:/usr/sbin:/usr/ucb:$HOME/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/sbin:/bin/bash:$CATALINA_HOME/bin.
export PATH
EDITOR=vi
export EDITOR=vi

if [ -s "$MAIL" ] # This is at Shell startup. In normal
then echo "$MAILMSG" # operation, the Shell checks
fi # periodically.

echo " "
echo " "
echo " ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~"
echo " Database options"
echo " "
echo " "
echo " 1) DATABASE 12cR2"
echo " "
echo " 2) DATABASE 12cR1"
echo " "
echo " "
echo " ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~"
echo " "
echo " "
echo " Enter Choice:\c"
read env
if [ $env -eq 1 ] ; then
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=ora12cr2
PS1='$PWD:12cR2-->'

else
if [ $env -eq 2 ] ; then
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=ora12cr1
PS1='$PWD:12cR1-->'
fi
fi
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib:/lib
export LIBPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib:/lib
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:/u01/app/12.1.0.2/grid/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch
stty erase ^?
TMOUT=0;TIMEOUT=600;export readonly TMOUT TIMEOUT
set -o vi

echo ''
echo ''
clear
echo
echo "ORACLE_SID=$ORACLE_SID"
echo

alias tsmd='cd /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/'
alias ob='cd $ORACLE_BASE'
alias oh='cd $ORACLE_HOME'
alias tns='cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin'
alias ch='cd $CATALINA_HOME'
alias envo='env | grep ORACLE'
alias sqld='rlwrap sqlplus "/as sysdba"'
export PATH
umask 022

envo

Multiple Oracle Databases and Homes on Same Listener

On my test server I have got 2 ORACLE_HOMES 12cR1 (12.1.0.2) and 12cR2 (12.2.0.1)

My listener.ora file on my server looks something like below

SID_LIST_LISTENER_12CR2 =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = ora12cr2)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1)
(SID_NAME = ora12cr2)
)
)

LISTENER_12CR2 =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.196)(PORT = 1521))
)
)

SID_LIST_LISTENER_12CR1 =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = ora12cr1)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1)
(SID_NAME = ora12cr1)
)
)

LISTENER_12CR1 =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.196)(PORT = 1522))
)
)

$ lsnrctl start LISTENER_12CR2

$ lsnrctl start LISTENER_12CR1

Add Image to Column from URL Column Value Apex

Create a new interactive report based on SQL Query. Make sure the column where image is store is populated in the column ‘PHOTO’ of the table

Go to Columns > Column Formatting and add to HTML Expression below code

<img src=”#PHOTO#” alt=”Image Not Found” height=”200″ width=”260″>

– ‘PHOTO’ is the name of the column which holds URL for the image
– ‘height’ and ‘width’ is the size to which the image will be cropped
– ‘alt’ is the text which will be displayed if the URL is not valid

For “Report with Forms on Table”

Select the Item eg : P4_PHOTO

Change type to “Display Image” and settings to “Image URL stored in Page Item Value”

A Very Cool Oracle Bash Profile


# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

# Oracle Settings
export TMP=/tmp

export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=easyoradba.com
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=ora12c
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_SID=ora12c
export CATALINA_HOME=/home/oracle/apache-tomcat

PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$CATALINA_HOME/bin

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib;
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib;

alias ob='cd $ORACLE_BASE'
alias oh='cd $ORACLE_HOME'
alias tns='cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin'
alias ch='cd $CATALINA_HOME'
alias envo='env | grep ORACLE'
alias sqld='rlwrap sqlplus "/as sysdba"'

umask 022

envo

Install Oracle Database 12cR2 Silent Mode on CENT OS 7 & Oracle Linux 7

If you are going to work on Oracle Database in cloud or in environments where X11 client or server is not available. It is always good to learn how to do a silent installation of Oracle. Specially in todays CI/CD devops model where dba’s have to provision DB servers using Ansible or other such tools. The base of doing such automation will require you to install Oracle from cli. In the below article we will do below 3 steps without any graphical user interface like X11, gnome, kde,vnc etc

1. Install Oracle 12.2.0.1 Database Software using a Response File

2. Create a Database with Response File

3. Create a Listener and Register the Database

I did the below setup on a cloud hosted server, running CENT OS 7, which came with bare minimum packages. It is always good to add different repositories which host all the important softwares for Linux

Now lets get started….

1. Add Groups

# groupadd oinstall
# groupadd dba
# groupadd oper
# groupadd backupdba
# groupadd dgdba
# groupadd kmdba
# groupadd asmdba
# groupadd asmoper
# groupadd asmadmin
# groupadd racdba

2. Add Oracle User

# useradd oracle -g oinstall -G dba,oper,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba

# passwd oracle

3. Check for missing packages

rpm -q --qf '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE}(%{ARCH})\n' binutils \
compat-libcap1 \
compat-libstdc++-33 \
elfutils-libelf \
elfutils-libelf-devel \
gcc \
gcc-c++ \
glibc \
glibc-common \
glibc-devel \
glibc-headers \
ksh \
libaio \
libaio-devel \
libgcc \
libstdc++ \
libstdc++-devel \
make \
libXext \
libXtst \
libX11 \
libXau \
libxcb \
libXi \
sysstat \
unixODBC \
unixODBC-devel

 

4. Install missing packages with Yum
eg:
# rpm -Uvh compat-libcap1

 

5. Update Kernel Parameters

Open sysctl.conf file and add the kernel parameters

# vi /etc/sysctl.conf

fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 1073741824
kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

 

6. Add Limits for Oracle user

Open file limits.conf and add below parameters

# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

 

–shell limits for users oracle 12gR1

oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft stack 10240
oracle hard stack 32768

 

7. Create Bash Profile for Oracle user

 

# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1

# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin

# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory

# chown oracle:oinstall -R /u01

# vi .bash_profile

 

export TMP=/tmp

export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=easyoradba.com
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=ORA12C
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_SID=ORA12C

PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib;
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib;

alias ob=’cd $ORACLE_BASE’
alias oh=’cd $ORACLE_HOME’
alias tns=’cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin’
alias envo=’env | grep ORACLE’
umask 022
envo

# envo

8. Disable SELINUX and IPTABLES (Not a good thing to do on a production server, only for test !!!)

# vi /etc/selinux/config

set SELINUX=disabled

# service iptables stop
# chkconfig iptables off

 

9. Download Oracle Database binary to home directory and prepare the staging area

# su – oracle

# cd /home/oracle

# unzip Oracle_Database_12CR2_linux_x64_12201.zip

This creates a directory ‘database’ with the installation files in it

 

10. Create Response File and Install Database Software in Silent Mode

Create a copy of the response file and add parameters for installation

# cd /home/oracle/database/response

# ls -ltrh

-rwxrwxr-x 1 oracle oinstall 6.1K Jun 20 2016 netca.rsp
-rwxrwxr-x 1 oracle oinstall 25K Jan 5 2017 dbca.rsp
-rw-rw-r– 1 oracle oinstall 23K Jan 26 2017 db_install.rsp

# cp db_install.rsp ../

# vi db_install.rsp

Now add below values for the parameters as per the directory structure you created

 

oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=dba
SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false
DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true

Make sure the above parameters are not duplicated if you will copy and paste the above values 🙂

 

# cd /home/oracle/database

# ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /home/oracle/database/db_install.rsp

if you get error Oracle runInstaller – CreateOUIProcess(): 13 : Permission denied

Then change temporary directory to home directory and run installer again

# mkdir -p $HOME/tmp
# export TMP=$HOME/tmp

Run the installer again

# ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /home/oracle/database/db_install.rsp

 

11. Run root scripts and complete install

If all goes well you will get below message

Starting Oracle Universal Installer…

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB. Actual 68933 MB Passed
Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB. Actual 3958 MB Passed
Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /home/oracle/tmp/OraInstall2018-07-05_04-21-40AM. Please wait …[oracle@vps database]$ You can find the log of this install session at:
/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2018-07-05_04-21-40AM.log
The installation of Oracle Database 12c was successful.
Please check ‘/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/silentInstall2018-07-05_04-21-40AM.log’ for more details.

As a root user, execute the following script(s):
1. /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

 

Run the script by opening another session with root user and setup will complete successfully

Successfully Setup Software.

 

12. Create Database in Silent Mode

find the file dbca.rsp and make a copy of it and update below parameters

# cd $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbca/

# cp dbca.rsp $ORACLE_HOME

# vi dbca.rsp

gdbName=ora12c
sid=ora12c
databaseConfigType=SI
createAsContainerDatabase=false
templateName=General_Purpose.dbc
sysPassword=sys123
systemPassword=sys123
emConfiguration=NONE
datafileDestination=/u01/oradata
recoveryAreaDestination=/u01/fra
storageType=FS
characterSet=AL32UTF8
sampleSchema=TRUE
memoryPercentage=40

ora12c is global database name

# dbca -silent -createDatabase -responseFile dbca.rsp

53% complete
54% complete
55% complete
58% complete
Completing Database Creation
59% complete
60% complete
61% complete
64% complete
68% complete
69% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete

 

13. Create Listener and Register Database

# cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin

# vi listener.ora

LISTENER =
(ADDRESS_LIST=
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost)(PORT=1521))
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=PNPKEY)))

# lsnrctl start

# sqlplus “/as sysdba”

SQL> alter database register;

# lsnrctl status

Services Summary…
Service “ora12c” has 1 instance(s).
Instance “ora12c”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service…
Service “ora12cXDB” has 1 instance(s).
Instance “ora12c”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service…
The command completed successfully