The following is a basic steps for an automatic start up and
shutdown Oracle instances during UNIX system startup or shutdown.
The process of startup and shutdown for Oracle on different UNIX
Operating Systems are similar to each other. But you should
always, for more accurate Information refer to Oracle Installation
The following are files which are invoked during system startup
and shutdown, respectively.
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbstart |Ensures a clean startup of instance(s),
|even after system failure
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbshut |Ensures a clean shutdown for instances
/etc/init.d or |Contains a field that specifies whether
/var/opt/oracle/oratab |a particular instance should be brought
|up/down at system startup/shutdown time.
Solaris: (This is only applicable for Solaris Operating System.)
– – – – – –
– – – – – – – –
/etc/rc2.d/S99dbstart — Link to the script /etc/init.d/dbora
/etc/rc0.d/K01dbshut — Link to the script /etc/init.d/dbora
/etc/init.d/oratab — Oracle oratab file
Before explaining how to automatically start and shutdown your
instances, consider the process by which this happens. If the
startup or shutdown is not working, you will have a better chance
of determining what went wrong.
When an UNIX machine boots, it runs scripts beginning with
S<nn><name> in /etc/rc3.d. The number <nn> indicates the order
in which these scripts will be run. The <name> is a reminder to
the Unix administrator as to the function of the script.
Similarly, on shutdown scripts named K<nn><name> are run from
1. Ensure the /var/opt/oracle/oratab file is complete and correct.
Database entries in the oratab file have the following format:
Where Y specifies you want to startup the database automatically.
2. Copy dbora to /etc/init.d/dbora.
3. As root create the following links.
# ln -s /etc/init.d/dbora /etc/rc3.d/S99dbora
# ln -s /etc/init.d/dbora /etc/rc0.d/K01dbora
4. Test the script created in Step 2.
To test the script created above, without rebooting do the
# su – root
# /etc/init.d/dbora start (for startup)
# /etc/init.d/dbora stop (for shutdown)